Stavely Research Station

The Stavely Research Station is located in the Foothills Fescue natural sub-region of Alberta and consists of native fescue grasslands. The table below  is a list of research publications that have at least one field location at the Stavely Research Station. The table is searchable for specific topics using keywords (e.g. Willms and long-term grazing). Some publications are available for downloading (click on the title hyperlink); however, many have copyright restrictions. Specific publications can be requested for individual use by contacting Lisa at Please include author(s), year, and title in the email request for electronic pdf copies of publications.

Stavely Research Station, Alberta - fescue  prairie

Stavely Research Station Publications

AuthorsYearTitle & JournalKeywords
Batbaatar, A., Carlyle, C.N., Bork, E.W., Chang, S.X., Cahill, J.F. Jr. 2022Multi-year drought alters plant species composition more than productivity across northern temperate grasslands. J. Ecology. 110:197-209.climate extremes; drought; grasslands; plant species composition; precipitation manipulation; productivity
Zhang, Y., Gao, X., Hao, X., Alexander, T.W., Shi, X., Jin, L., Thomas, B.W. 2020Heavy grazing over 64 years reduced soil bacterial diversity in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains, Canada. Appl. Soil. Ecol. 147: 103361long-term grazing; heavy grazing; soil microbial communities
Zhang, B., Beck, R., Pan, Q., Zhao, M., Hao, X.2019Soil physical and chemical properties in response to long-term cattle grazing on sloped rough fescue grassland in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains, Alberta. Geoderma. 346: 75-83. slope position; soil hydraulic properties;
HYPROP system; soil moisture retention curve;
Zhang, B., Thomas, B.W., Beck, R., Liu, K., Zhao, M., Hao, X. 2018Labile soil organic matter in response to long-term cattle grazing on sloped rough fescue grassland in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains, Alberta. Geoderma. 318: 9-15.slope position;
soil active carbon; potentially mineralizable nitrogen; soil protein;
water extractable organic carbon and nitrogen
Thompson, D.J., Willms, W.D. 2014Effects of long-term protection from grazing on phenotypic expression in geographically separated mountain rough fescue populations. Can. J. Plant Sci. 94: 33-39.genetic diversity; plant populations; ungrazed
Li, C., Hao, X., Willms, W.D., McAllister, T.A. 2012Responses of herbage and cattle tail switch hair δ15N value to long-term stocking rates on a rough fescue grassland. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 58: 326-333.long-term grazing; stocking rate; forage production; cattle condition
Li, C., Hao, X., Willms, W.D., Mengli, Z., Guodong, H. 2010Effect of long-term cattle grazing on seasonal nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in range forage species in the fescue grassland of southwestern Alberta. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 1–6.long-term grazing; nitrogen; phosphorus; forage production
Wall, D.H., Bradford, M.A., St. John, M.G., Trofymow, J.A., Behan-Pelletier, V., Bignell, D.E., Dangerfield, J.M., Parton, W.J., Rusek, J., Voigt, W., Wolters, V., Zadeh Gardel, H. … Johnson, D.L….et al.2008Global decomposition experiment shows soil animal impacts on decomposition are climate-dependent. Global Change Biol. 14: 2661-2677. climate decomposition index; decomposition; litter; mesofauna; soil biodiversity; soil
carbon; soil fauna
Willms, W.D., Chanasyk, D.S. 2006Grazing effects on snow accumulation on rough fescue grasslands. Rangeland Ecology and Management 59: 400-405.grazing; winter
Moisey, D.M., Willms, W.D., Bork, E.W.2006Effect of standing litter on rough fescue utilization by cattle. Rangeland Ecology and Management 59: 197-203.forage utilization; litter
Mengli, Z., Willms, W.D., Bing, H., Laroche, A.2005Effects of heavy grazing pressure on the random amplified polymorphic DNA marker diversity of mountain rough fescue (Festuca campestris Rydb.) in south western Alberta. Can. J. Plant Sci 85:623-629.grazing; forage production
Moisey, D.M., Bork, E.W., Willms, W.D. 2005Non-destructive assessment of cattle forage selection: a test of skim grazing in Fescue Grassland. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 94: 205-222.grazing; forage production
Fu, Y.B., Thompson, D., Willms, W., Mackay, M. 2005Long-term grazing effects on genetic variability in mountain rough fescue. Rangeland Ecol. & Manage. 58: 637-42.long-term grazing; genetic diversity
Chanasyk, D.S., Mapfumo, E., Willms, W.D., Naeth, M.A. 2004Quantification and simulation of soil water on grazed fescue grassland watersheds. J. Range Manage. 57: 169-177soil water
Mapfumo, E., Chanasyk, D.S., Willms, W.D. 2004.2004Simulating daily soil water under foothills fescue grazing with the Soil and Water Assessment Tool model. Hydrological Processes 18: 2787-2800.soil water; grazing
Bogen, A.D., Bork, E.W., Willms, W.D.2003Defoliation impacts on Festuca campestris (Rydb.) plants exposed wildfire. J. Range Manage. 56: 375-381.grazing; forage production; wildfire; climate change
May, K.W., Willms, W.D., Mengli, Z., Lysyk, T.J. 2003An assessment of variation in foothills rough fescue [Festuca campestris (Rydb.)] in southern Alberta. Can. J. Plant Sci. 83:541-550.genetic variation; grazing; winter; reclamation
Whalen, J.K., Willms, W.D., Dormaar, J.F. 2003Soil carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in modified rangeland communities. J. Range Manage. 56: 665-672.soil carbon; nitrogen; phosphorus; plant communities
Bork, E.W., Adams, B.W., Willms, W.D. 2002Resilience of foothills rough fescue, Festuca campestris, rangeland to wildfire. Canadian Field Naturalist. 116(1): 51-59.wildfire; NOTE: not located at Stavely Research Station
Chanasyk, D.S., Mapfumo, E., Willms, W.D. 2002Quantification and simulation of surface runoff from fescue grassland watersheds. Agric. Water Management 59: 137-153.soil water
Mapfumo, E., Willms, W.D., Chanasyk, D.S. 2002Water quality of surface runoff from grazed fescue grassland watersheds in Alberta. Water Qual. Res. J. of Can. 37:543-562. grazing; soil water
Bogen, A.D., Bork, E.W., Willms, W.D. 2002Festuca campestris Rydb. response to heat injury. Can. J. Plant Sci. 82:721-729.climate change
Willms, W.D., Kenzie, O.R., McAllister, T.A., Colwell, D., Veira, D., Wilmshurst, J.F., Entz, T., Olson, M.E. 2002Effects of water quality on cattle performance. J. Range Manage. 55: 452-460.water quality; weight gains
Clapperton, M.J., Kanashiro, D.A., Behan-Pelletier, V.M. 2002Changes in abundance and diversity of microarthropods associated with Fescue Prairie grazing regimes. Pedobiologia 46: 496-511.soil microbial community; insects; arthropods
Dormaar, J. F., Willms, W.D. 2000A comparison of soil chemical characteristics in modified rangeland communities. J. Range Manage. 53:453–458.soil
Dormaar, J. F., Willms, W.D. 2000Rangeland management impacts on soil biological indicators in southern Alberta. J. Range Manage. 53: 233-238.soil microbial communities
Freeze, B.S., Willms, W.D., Rode, L. 1999Economics of maintaining cow condition on fescue prairie in winter. J. Range Mgmt. 52: 113-119.economics; winter; weight gain
Dormaar, J.F., Willms, W.D.1998Effect of forty-four years of grazing on fescue grassland soils. J. Range Manage. 51: 122-126.long-term grazing; soil
Willms, W.D, King, J., Dormaar, J.F. 1998Weathering losses of forage species on the fescue grassland in southwestern Alberta. Can. J. Plant Sci. 78: 265-272.forage production
Willms, W.D., Rode, L.M.1998Forage selection by cattle on fescue prairie in summer or winter. J. Range Manage. 51: 496-500.summer; winter; grazing; forage selection
Willms, W.D., Rode, L.M., Freeze, B.S. 1998Protein supplementation to enhance the performance of pregnant cows on rough fescue grasslands in winter. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 78: 89-94.winter; weight gains; reproductive performance
Willms, W.D., Adams, B.W., Dormaar, J.F. 1996Seasonal changes of herbage biomass on the fescue prairie. J. Range Manage. 49: 100-104.forage production
Willms, W.D., Quinton, D.A.1995Grazing effects on germinable seeds on the fescue prairie. J. Range Manage. 48: 423-430.grazing; seed bank
Chanasyk, D.S., Naeth, M.A. 1995Grazing impacts on bulk density and soil strength in the foothills fescue grasslands of Alberta, Canada. Can J. Soil Sci. 75: 551-557.soil; grazing
Naeth, M.A., Chanasyk, D.S. 1995Grazing effects on soil-water in Alberta Foothills fescue grasslands. J. Range Manage. 48: 528-534.grazing; soil; water
Dormaar, J.F., Willms, W.D. 1993Decomposition of blue grama and rough fescue roots in the Ah horizons of mixed prairie and rough fescue prairies. J. Range Manage. 46: 207-213.soil; forage production
Willms, W.D, Rode, L.M., Freeze, B.S. 1993Winter performance of Hereford cows on fescue prairie and in drylot influenced by fall grazing. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 73: 881-889.winter; weight gain; grazing
Dormaar, J.F., Willms, W.D. 1992Water-extractable organic matter from plant litter and soil of rough fescue grassland. J. Range Manage. 45:152-158.soil; litter; organic matter
Willms, W.D. 1992Influence of summer cutting and fertilizer application on Altai wild rye in winter. Can. J. Plant 72: 173-179.winter; fertilizer; introduced forage; grazing
Willms, W.D., Fraser, J.1992Growth-characteristics of Rough Fescue (Festuca scabrella var. campestris) after 3 years of repeated harvesting at scheduled frequencies and heights. Can. J. Botany. 70: 2125-2129.defoliation; grazing intensity; plant response
Willms, W.D.1991Cutting frequency and cutting height effects on rough fescue and Parry oat grass yields. J. Range Manage. 44:82-86.forage production; grazing
Willms, W.D., Beauchemin, K.A. 1991Cutting frequency and cutting height effects on forage quality of rough fescue and Parry oatgrass. Can. J. Anim. Sc. 71: 87-96.forage production; grazing
Naeth, M.A., Bailey, A.W., Chanasyk, D.S., Pluth, D.J. 1991Water Holding Capacity of Litter and Soil Organic Matter in Mixed Prairie and Fescue Grassland Ecosystems of Alberta. J. Range Manage. 44: 13-17.soil organic matter; litter; water
Naeth, M.A., Bailey, A.W., Pluth, D.J., Chanasyk, D.S., Hardin, R.T. 1991Grazing Impacts on Litter and Soil Organic Matter in Mixed Prairie and Fescue Grassland Ecosystems of Alberta. J. Range Manage. 44: 7-12.soil organic matter; litter; water; grazing
Naeth, M.A., Chanasyk, D.S., Bailey, A.W. 1991Applicability of the Kostiakov Equation to Mixed Prairie and Fescue Grasslands of Alberta. J. Range Manage. 44: 18-21.soil; water infiltration
Dormaar, J.F., Smoliak, S., Willms, W.D. 1990Distribution of nitrogen fractions in grazed and ungrazed fescue grassland Ah Horizons. J. Range Manage. 43: 6-9.nitrogen; grazing; soil
Dormaar, J.F., Willms, W.D.1990Sustainable production from the rough fescue prairie. J. Soil & Water Conservation 45: 137-140.forage production
Willms, W.D. 1990Distribution of cattle on slope without water restrictions. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 70: 1-8.water; forage utilization; grazing; topography
Naeth, M.A., Pluth, D.J., Chanasyk, D.S., Bailey, A.W., Fedkenheuer, A.W. 1990Soil compacting impacts of grazing in mixed prairie and fescue grassland ecosystems of Alberta. Can. J. Soil Sci. 70: 157-167.soil compaction; grazing
Willms, W.D., Dormaar, J.F., Schaalje, G.B. 1988Stability of grazed patches on rough fescue grasslands. J. Range Manage. 41: 503-508.grazing
Willms, W.D. 1988Forage production and utilization in various topographic zones of the fescue grasslands. Can J. Anim. Sci. 68: 211-223forage production; forage utilization; grazing; topography
Willms, W.D., Smoliak, S., Schaalje, G.B. 1986Cattle weight gains in relation to stocking rate on rough fescue grassland. J. Range. Manage. 39: 182-87.stocking rate; weight gain
Willms, W.D., Smoliak, S., Bailey, A.W. 1986Herbage production following litter removal on Alberta native grasslands. J. Range Manage. 39: 536-539.forage production; litter; grazing
Willms, W.D., Smoliak, S., Dormaar, J.F. 1985. 1985Effects of stocking rate on rough fescue grassland vegetation. J. Range Manage. 38:220-225.stocking rate; forage production
Dormaar, J.F., Johnston, A., Smoliak, S. 1984Seasonal changes in carbon content, and dehydrogenase, phosphatase, and urease activities in mixed prairie and fescue grassland Ah horizons. J. Range Management. 37(1): 31-35. soil carbon; enzymatic activity; organic matter; grazing intensity;
Hardman, J.M., Smoliak, S.1982The relative impact of various grasshopper species on Stipa-Agropyron Mixed Prairie and Fescue Prairie in Southern Alberta. J. Range Manage. 35: 171-176.insects; climate; defoliation
Johnston, A. 1979Remote sensing for estimation of rangeland productivity and condition. Agriculture Canada, Lethbridge, AB: Research Highlights-1978. Pp 35-36. forage production; remote sensing; range condition
Dormaar, J.F., Johnston, A., Smoliak, S. 1977
Seasonal variation in chemical characteristics of soil organic matter of grazed and ungrazed mixed prairie and fescue grassland. J Range Management. 30(3): 195-198. grazing intensity; soil organic matter
Johnston, A., Dormaar, J.F., Smoliak, S. 1971Long-term grazing effects on fescue grassland soils. Journal of Range Management. 24:185-188.long-term grazing; soil
Johnston, A., Dormaar, J.F. 1970Observations on Danthonia parryi. Can. J. Plant Sci. 50: 115-117. rough fescue; percent basal area
Johnston, A., Smoliak, S., Smith, A.D., Lutwick, L.E. 1969Seasonal precipitation, evaporation, soil moisture, and yield of fertilized range vegetation. Can. J. Plant Sci. 49: 123-128.water use efficiency; nitrogen; phosphorus; fertilizers; yield; productivity
Peake, R.W., Johnston, A. 1965Grazing effects on fescue grassland in western Canada. In: 9th Internat. Grassl. congr., Brazil. p. 1627-1630.grazing
Johnston, A. 1962Effects of grazing intensity and cover on the water-intake rate of fescue grassland. Journal of Range Management. 15: 79-82.grazing intensity; litter; water; soil
Bezeau, L.M., Johnston, A. 1962In vitro digestibility of range forage plants of the Festuca scabrella association. Can. J. Plant Sci. 42: 692-697.forage utilization
Johnston, A. 1961Comparison of lightly grazed and ungrazed range in the fescue grassland of southwestern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 41:615-622.grazing
Johnston, A. 1961Some factors affecting germination, emergence, and early growth of three range grasses. Can. J. Plant Sci. 41: 59-70.seed bank